Course: Complex utilization of biomass

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Course title Complex utilization of biomass
Course code KAES/QKVB
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 6
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Kužel Stanislav, prof. Ing. CSc.
Course content
Identification with the principles of comprehensive utilization of biomass - technology called "green refinery". The examples of foreign patent literature, and examples of their own technology, comprehensive treatment of meadow clover, oats and medical plant Echinacea purpurea explain the principles and ways nonwastes use of plant biomass. Biorefinery - definition, historical development (production of sugar, starch hydrolysis, hydrolysis of wood). Production of furfual, cellulose, levulinic acid, fat, vanillin from lignin, lactic acid. The beginnings of a comprehensive use of biomass - 30 and 40 of the last century. Production of ethanol from wood, chemical processing of wood, Bergius method of making synthetic gasoline. Focusing on the use of wood, straw, waste grassland phytomass and grain. Modern aspects thermochemical conversion of biomass. The concept of the project "Organic chemicals from biomass. Use of raw biomass for food, fuel, pharmaceutical products and raw materials bio basic raw intended for the manufacture production of biomaterials (oils and fats, dyes and pigments, paints, detergents and solvents, industrial adhesives, biopolymers, and films, composite materials), fuels and energy (solid - lignin, bio coals, flammable waste, liquid - methanol, ethanol, butanol and fuel oil, gas - methane, hydrogen and water gas i.e. syngas, a mixture of CO + H2) and biochemicals (activated carbon, phenols, acetic acid, oxidation additives industrial surfactants, agrochemicals and specialty chemicals. Plans for recovery and processing of biomass in the U.S., Germany. Comparison of processing technology of petroleum and biomass. Schneme and diagrams and production opportunities in bio-refineries for processing biomass. Biotechnology of possible products from carbohydrates released from biomass by hydrolysis. Technology of biorefinery: bio processes, chemical processes, thermochemical processes, thermal processes and physical processes. Perspective raw: wood and wood waste (celuloso-lignin waste), green grass and plant matter (lignocellulosic wastes), municipal solid waste (waste paper, biodegradable part of municipal waste). lignocellulosic biorefineries, grain biorefineries, green biorefineries, biorefineries for produce of fuels, for production of carbohydrate raw materials. Enzymes in biotechnologies biorefineries.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Work with text (with textbook, with book), Work with multi-media resources (texts, internet, IT technologies)
  • Semestral paper - 120 hours per semester
  • Preparation for exam - 100 hours per semester
  • Preparation for credit - 20 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The aim of the course is to acquaint students with the principles of comprehensive utilization of biomass - technology called "green refinery". The examples of foreign patent literature, and examples of their own technology, comprehensive treatment of meadow clover, oats and medicinbal plant Echinacea purpurea explain the principles and ways nonwaste use of plant biomass.
Understand the principles of complex biomass use - the technology of the so-called "green biorefineries".
Prerequisites
Mastering high school curriculum

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination, Seminar work

Active participation in seminars Participation in consultations Participation in excursions Working with text Individual study for the exam Working with multimedia resources Individual consultations with the teacher Elaboration of a seminar topic Presentation of seminar work
Recommended literature
  • Sustainable Ethanol: Biofuels, Biorefineries, Cellulosic Biomass, Flex-fuel Vehicles, and Sustainable farmig for Energy Independence. Prairie Oak Publishing 2007. 196.P., ISBN-13: 978-0978629304..
  • Waste Biorefinery, Elsevier Science & Technology, 2018, 816 p.. Elsevier Science & Technology, 2018, 2018.
  • 2008 Cellulosic Ethanol - Biomass to Biofuels, Wood Chips, Stalks, Switchgrass, Plant Products, Feedstocks, Celulose Conversion Processes, Research Plants (CD-ROM). Progressive Management 2007, 17626 p., ISBN-13: 978 1422009291..
  • Bergeron CH., Carrier D. J., Ramaswamy S. (editors). Biorafinery Co-Products: Phytochemical,Primary Metabolites and Value-Added Biomass Processing. 2012, 361 p.. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. United Kingdom, 2012.
  • Demirbas A. Biorefineries: For Biomass Upgrading Facilities. Springer, 2010, 239 p.. Springer, 2010, 2010.
  • Kamm, B., Gruber, P. R., Kamm, M. Biorefineries - Industrial processes and Products. Status Quo and Future Directions. Vol.1. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH&Co., Wienheim, Germany, ISBN-13: 978-3-527-31027-2, 2006, XXXIV + 441 p.
  • Kužel S. a kol. Komplexní využití biomasy. Návody pro cvičení. Skripta 2010, 22 s.. ZF JCU ČB,, 2010.
  • Kužel S. Komplexní využití biomasy. Přednášky. Skripta. I. díl, II. Díl, III. díl 2018, 634 s.. ZF JU v CB, 2018.
  • Kužel S. Komplexní využití biomasy. skripta I. díl, II. díl 2016, 237 s. ZF JU v CB, 2016.
  • Kužel S. Motorová paliva z biomasy. Přednášky. Skripta. IV. díl 2019. ZF JU v CB, 2019.
  • Kužel S. Vlastní rozmnožené materiály z patentové a vědecké literatury.
  • Lázsló Kótai, János Szépvolgyi, Mária Syilágyi, Li Zhibin,C hen Baiquan, Vinita Sharma and Pradeep K. Sharma. Biobutanol from Renewable Agricultural and Lignocellulose and its Perspectives. Chapter from the book. ? INTECH 2013, 2013.
  • Pokorný, Z. a kol. Bionafta ekologické alternativní palivo. 1998, 43 s.. Mze Praha, 1998, 1998.
  • Ramey, D., Tian Yang, T.p.. Production of Butyric Acid and Butanol from Biomass. Final Report for U. S. Department of Energy Morgantown, 2004, 103,. U. S. Department of Energy Morgantown, 2004.
  • Roehr, M. The Biotechnology of Ethanol. Classical and future Applications. Wiley-WCH Verlag GmbH, Wienheim, 2001. ISBN 3-527-30199-2..
  • Scragg A. Biofuels Production, Application and Development. 2009, 134 p.. Springer Verlag 2009, 2009.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Agriculture Study plan (Version): Sustainable Systems in Agricultural Land (2010) Category: Agriculture and forestry 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Agriculture Study plan (Version): Agribussines (2014) Category: Agriculture and forestry 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter