Course: Cell and Molecular Biology

« Back
Course title Cell and Molecular Biology
Course code KBI/BIO01
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study 1
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 3
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
Lecturer(s)
  • Závodská Radka, doc. PaedDr. Ph.D.
Course content
Cell Biology- methods of cell study. Light microscopes, electron microscopes, cell fractionation. Prokaryotic cell-cell structure, functions of organelles. Bacteria. Archea. Eukaryotic cell- structure of an eukaryotic cell: cell membranes, cytoplasm, nucleus, ribosomes, Golgi apparatus, lysosomes, cytoskeleton, cilia, flagella, mitochondria, plastids, cell wall, vacuole Viruses- bacteriophages, viruses, plant viruses, life cycle of viruses. HIV and HIV life cycle. Structure and function of DNA. Replication of DNA. Mutation of DNA. Transcription of RNA. Synthesis of proteins - translation. Transport of substance across cell membranes. Diffusion, facilitated diffusion, osmosis. Active transport, cytosis. Respiration- glycolysis, the Krebs cycle, oxidative phosphorylation. Anaerobic respiration Photosynthesis -chloroplasts, the light-dependent reaction, the light independent reaction (Calvin cycle) Cell division - the cell cycle. Mitosis, meiosis. The control of the mitotic cell cycle - control factors, growth factors, proto-oncogenes, tumor suppressor genes

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing)
Learning outcomes
1. Prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell -cell structure and functions of organelles. Transport of substance across cell membranes. Photosynthesis. Respiration. Cell division. 2. Viruses- bacteriophages, animal viruses, plant viruses, life cycle of viruses. 3. Principles of molecular biology: Structure and function of DNA. Replication of DNA. Mutation of DNA. Transcription of RNA. Synthesis of proteins - translation. 4. Cytology basics of genetics.
1. Students will know the basic differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell, and differences in the structure of plant, animal and fungal cells. 2. Students will understand physiological processes at the cell level 3. Students gained insight into molecular processes as replication, transcription and translation 4. Students will utilize their knowledge in the teaching process 5. Knowledge will be used in the study of other fields (botanic, zoology, human biology, and physiology)
Prerequisites
no

Assessment methods and criteria
Combined exam

Knowledge in cell biology: structure and functions of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell. Acquaintance of cell physiology: respiration, photosynthesis, cell division, transport of substances across membranes. Comprehension of principles of molecular biology: replication, transcription and translation. Knowledge in structure of viruses, and in cytology.
Recommended literature
  • Alberts B. a kol.:. Základy buněčné biologie, Espero publishing, Ústí nad Labem,2001.
  • Berger J. :. Buněčná a molekulární biologie, Tobiáš, 1995.
  • Campbell, N., A., Reece, J., B. Biologie. Brno: Computer Press, 2006, kapitoly 7-10, 12, 16, 17.
  • Jones M. and Jones G.:. Advanced Biology. Cambridge University Press. 1997.
  • Kočárek, E. :. Genetika. Praha: Scientia, 2004.
  • Romanovský a kol.:. Obecná biologie, SPN. 1987.
  • Rosypal , S. a kol.:. Nový přehled biologie. Praha : Scientia, 2003.
  • Závodská R. Biologie buněk. Praha, Scientia, 2006. ISBN ISBN 80-86960-15-.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Education Study plan (Version): Introductory teacher training course in natural history (1) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Education Study plan (Version): Introductory teacher training course in natural history (3) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Education Study plan (Version): Introductory teacher training course in natural history (3) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter