Course: Plants Physiology

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Course title Plants Physiology
Course code KBI/BIO03
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study 1
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Ryplová Renata, RNDr. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Introduction into the subject. 2. Life manifestation of plants. Material composition of a plant body. Plant metabolism. Plant mineral nutrition. 3. Plants water regime. Substance reception, conduction and release of plant - root lift, cohesion, capillarity of water column, transpiration, guttation. Ecological meaning of transpiration, evapotranspiration. 4. Energy metabolism of plants. Autotrophic, heterotrophic and mixotrophic nutrition. Photosynthesis, respiration, secondary metabolism - allelopathy, isoprenoids, phenols, alkaloids. 5. Physiology of a plant growth and ontogenesis - phytohormones, polarity, growth correlations, restitutions and regeneration. Flowering and his induction. Phytochrom systems. Short-day and long-day plants. Production of seeds and fruits, seeds germination. 6. Plant movements. 7. Stress physiology

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Dialogic (discussion, interview, brainstorming), Work with text (with textbook, with book), Monitoring, Demonstration, Projection, Skills training, Laboratory
Learning outcomes
To understand fundamental physiological processes within plant body (assimilation and transformation of nutrients, water regime, ontogenesis and influence of factors, excitability) and realize causal relationship between construction and function of individual plant organs and influence of ecological factors to their formation. Contents: Physiology of transformation of substances and energy (photosynthesis, dissimilation and influence of factors). Plants water regime (water reception, conduction and release). Physiology of plant growth and ontogenesis (periods of growth and ontogenesis, life cycles, phytohormones, plant integrity, influence of factors). An excitability and plant movements. Training is focused on short-term experiments with plants (water content in plant organs, flexural reactions cereal coleoptile, oxygen release on photosynthesis etc.), verification of substance inherency in plant body (proteins, starch, tanning agents, saponins, pigments etc.) and presentation of selected processes (etiolisation, nutrients deficiency, root uplift etc.).
Understanding of fundamental physiological processes in the plant body (assimilation and nutrient transformation, water regime, ontogenesis and effect of factors, irritability) and their connection to ecological factors of environment. Knowledge of casual connection between composition and function of particular organs of the plant body. Ability to use the theoretical knowledge in experimental work with plants.
Prerequisites
no

Assessment methods and criteria
Student performance assessment, Combined exam

Knowledge of fundamental physiological processes in the plant.
Recommended literature
  • Hudák J. a kol.:. Biológia rastlín. SPN, Bratislava, 391 s. 1989.
  • Kincl M., Faustus L.:. Základy fyziologie rostlin. SPN, Praha, 168 s. 1975.
  • Kincl M., Krpeš V.:. Fyziologie rostlin, Ostravská univerzita, Ostrava,220 s. 1994.
  • Larcher W.:. Fyziologická ekologie rostlin. Academia, Praha, 361 s. 1988.
  • Procházka S., Macháčková I., Krekule J, Šebánek J a kol.:. Fyziologie rostlin. Academia, Praha, 484 s. 1998.
  • Strasburger E. et all. Lehrbuch der Botanik für Hochschulen, 2. teil: Physiologie.. Berlin, Heidelberg, Spektrum Akad. Verlag,, 2002.
  • Went F.W.:. Rostliny. Mladá fronta, Praha, 197 s. 1979.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Education Study plan (Version): Teacher training in natural history (2) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Education Study plan (Version): Teacher training in natural history (2) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Education Study plan (Version): Teacher training in natural history (2) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Education Study plan (Version): Introductory teacher training course in natural history (1) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter