Course: Vertebrates zoology

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Course title Vertebrates zoology
Course code KBI/ZOO54
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study 2
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 9
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Ditrich Tomáš, RNDr. Ph.D.
Course content
1. Introduction - the general plan of chordate organization, the origin of chordates, classification and the variety of chordates. Urochordata - various forms of tunicates, the variety of tunicate life. Cephalochordata, Amphioxus- morphology, anatomy, ecology. 2. Vertebrates - general features of vertebrates, classification. Skeletal structures. 3. Ethology of vertebrates. Behaviour, communication systems. 4. The vertebrates without jaws - general features. Lampreys and hag fishes. Gnathostomata - general features. 5. Chondrichthyes - characteristics of elasmobranchs, ecology and ethology, modern sharks. Holocephali. 6. Actinopterygii - the evolution of bony fish, classification, characteristics, morphology and anatomy, diversity. 7. Actinopterygii - ecology and ethology. Adaptations to various environments and habits. Migrations. Locomotion. Protective mechanisms. Feeding. Spawning. 8. Sarcopterygii. First terrestrial vertebrates - amphibians, morphological and anatomical adaptations to terrestrial environment. Classification. Ecology and ethology - relationships with the environment, protective mechanisms, food and feeding, reproductive strategies. 9. Reptilians - fully adapted vertebrates to terrestrial environment (Amniota, morphological and anatomical adaptations). 10. Reptilians - classification. Ecology and ethology - relationships with the environment, protective mechanisms, food and feeding, reproductive strategies. 11. Birds - morphological and anatomical adaptations to flight. Classification. 12. Bird's ecology and ethology, bird's behaviour (habitat, territory, food and feeding, breeding, care of feathers, communication, migration). 13. Mammals - the origin of mammals, the characteristics of mammals (morphological and anatomical features). 14. Classification of mammals, Monotremata, Marsupialia, Placentalia. Relationships with the environment and environmental conditions. Reproduction, food and feedig, care of integument, protective mechanisms, communication. 1. Urochordata - various forms of tunicates. Cephalochordata - morphology and microscopial anatomy of Amphioxus. 2. Cyclostomata, lampreys - skeleton of lamprey, morphology of larva and adult lamprey. Chondrichthyes - morphology, main groups and species. 3. Teleostei - dissection of fish (Cyprinidae, Percidae). Skeletal system. 4.+5. Morphology of the fish body and practical identification - the Czech fish fauna, examples of the world fish fauna. 6. Amphibians - morphology and anatomy, dissection of the frog (anatomical preparations), skeletal system. 7. Amphibians - practical identification of the Czech batrachofauna, examples of the world batrachofauna. 8. Reptilians - identification of the Czech herpetofauna, examples of the world herpetofauna. 9. Birds - morphology and anatomy, dissection of the pigeon (anatomical preparations), skeletal system. 10.+11. Birds - identification of the Czech ornitofauna, examples of the world ornitofauna. 12. Mammals - morphology and anatomy, dissection of the mouse, skeletal system. 13. Mammals - examples and identification of the Czech mammalian fauna. 14. Mammals of the world fauna.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Dialogic (discussion, interview, brainstorming), Work with text (with textbook, with book), Monitoring, Demonstration, Projection, Skills training, Laboratory
Learning outcomes
Characteristic and phylogeny of Chordates. Urochordata, Cephalochordata, Vertebrata. The basic course deals with morphology, anatomy, ecology, ethology, diversity and classification of vertebrates. Special attention is paid to biology of important species from the Czech and world fauna. The course includes also dissecting and osteology training and practical identification of vertebrates.
Students will use knowledge in next courses, mainly in the environment protection. Students will get the necessary theoretically knowledge and skills for transformation into environmental education.
Prerequisites
no

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination, Written examination, Student performance assessment

Knowledge in fundamental morphology and functional anatomy of vertebrates organ systems. The general orientation in the systematics of recent vertebrates. Biology of important taxa of the Czech and world fauna. Ecological and ethological adaptations of verebrates, their role in ecosystems. Protocols from the practical training.
Recommended literature
  • + další atlasy a klíče na určování našich ryb, obojživelníků, plazů, ptáků a savců.
  • Další studijní pomůcky: e-learning PF JCU eAmos , multimediální programy, internetové stránky s fotogaleriemi.
  • Dungel J., Gaisler J.:. Atlas savců ČR a SR. Academia, Praha. 2002.
  • Dungel J., Hudec K.:. Atlas ptáků ČR a SR.. Praha, Academia, 2001.
  • Dungel J., Řehák Z.:. Atlas ryb, obojživelníků a plazů ČR a SR.. Praha, Academia, 2005.
  • Gaisler J.:. Zoologie obratlovců. Academia, Praha. 1983 (Gaisler J. 1997: Úvod do zoologie obratlovců. MU, Brno.).
  • Rosypal S. a kol.:. Fylogeneze, systém a biologie organizmů. SPN, Praha. 1992.
  • Sigmund L., Bajtlerová P.:. Pitevní a osteologické praktikum obratlovců. SPN, Praha. 1990.
  • Sigmund L., Hanák V., Pravda O.:. Zoologie strunatců. Karolinum, Praha. 1994.
  • Veselovský Z.:. Chováme se jako zvířata ? Panorama, Praha. 1992.
  • Zrzavý J.:. Fylogeneze živočišné říše. Scientia, Praha. 2006.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Education Study plan (Version): Nature and Environmental Education (1) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Education Study plan (Version): Nature and Environmental Education (2) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter