Course: Inorganic Chemistry

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Course title Inorganic Chemistry
Course code KCH/HORCH
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course not specified
Year of study 1
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 2
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Šíma Jan, doc. RNDr. Ph.D.
Course content
Lectures: 1. Periodic system, vertical, horizontal and diagonal relationships 2. Formation and application of Lewis formulas of inorganic compounds 3. Hydrogen - position in the system, electron configuration and binding potential 4. Hydrides, water, acids and alkalis in aqueous environment, buffers and pH 5. Oxygen - position in the system, electron configuration and binding potential 6. Peroxides, acid-base properties of oxides, oxidation-reduction reactions 7. Nitrogen - properties, occurrence, production and most important compounds 8. Phosphorus - properties, occurrence, production and most important compounds 9. Halogens - properties, occurrence, production and most important compounds 10. Halogen hydrides and most important halogenides 11. Chalkogenes - catenation of elements. Sulfane and its compounds. 12. Metals in the main groups - biological importance of essential elements 13. Transition metal and complex compounds, heavy metals and heir toxicity 14. Some interesting inorganic compounds in medical practice Laboratory exercises: (14 weeks) 1. Introductory information on occupational health and safety concerning work in the chemical laboratory a) legislation concerning disposal of chemical substances, introduction to toxicology, R- and S- instructions b) demonstration: introduction to the laboratory equipment, laboratory glassware, graduated vessels, principles of due c) measuring of liquids, laboratory scales, determination of concentration of solution based on their density 2. Seminar: a) revision of nomenclature, including Latin, and the nomenclature of coordination compounds b) determination of coefficients of reduction equations c) stoichiometric calculations d) 1st check test (nomenclature, equations) 3. Basics of laboratory techniques (filtration, crystallisation) a) preparation of Mohr's salt using interrupted crystallisation, microscopy of crystals (Source of information No. 1, page 25) b) purification of copper sulphate using free crystallisation and determination of water of crystallisation (Source of information No. 1, page 24) 4. Preparation and mixing solution, acid-base titration a) preparation and standardization of volumetric solution of HCl (Source of information No.1, page 79) b) determination of total alkalinity (neutralisation capacity) of commercially produced anti-acid (pursuant to the procedure for technical hydroxide, Source of information No. 1, page 79) 5. Preparation of buffers and measurement of pH. a) preparation of solution having required pH (pursuant to instructions provided by the assistant) b) calibration of pH-meter and determination of pH of the prepared solutions (pursuant to instructions provided with the instrument) 6. Preparation and work with gases a) preparation, properties and tests for CO2 , H2 and O2 (on a demonstration basis, by the assistant) b) comparison of quantitative and gasometry method of limestone determination (Source of information No. 2, page 57) 7. Seminar a) calculations concerning mixing of solutions and pH b) calculations based on the equation of state for ideal gas c) check test (see 1st one + preparation and mixing of solutions) 8. Adsorption of compounds to sorbent a) adsorption of oxalic acid to active coal (Source of information No. 1, page 34 and 82-83 + manual) b) determination of constants of the Langmuir's adsorption isothermal curve (page 35) 9. Separation methods a) preparation of physiological solution with adding agents of organic substances - glucose, amylum, phenolphthalein (manual and instructions) b) dialysis of such a solution with registration of chlorides concentration time gradient using conductometry 10. Reaction kin

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing)
  • Preparation for classes - 15 hours per semester
  • Preparation for exam - 30 hours per semester
  • Class attendance - 12 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The lectures on inorganic chemistry shall provide the students with understanding of the modern concept of inorganic (the so-called synthetic) chemistry based on General Chemistry (which is based on the quantum concept of atoms) and which follows Organic Chemistry. Within the course, the lectures should cover fundamental concepts and definitions of the periodic system of elements, models and concepts used in the theory of chemical bond, including the theory of acids and alkalis by Lewis. In the systematic part of the lectures on elements, the following elements are to be covered gradually: hydrogen, oxygen, halogens and chalkogens. The lectures on the chemistry of elements should be given to respect the following order of elements: nitrogen, carbon, silicon, boron. The position of the respective element in the periodic system of elements is accentuated as well as its electron configuration, binding potential and biological importance. Metals shall be lectured on in a summary unit, with respect to their chemical and physical properties, position in compounds and oxidation states. The lectures shall provide for explanation of the nature of toxic effect of some heavy metals and other elements. The structure of the lectures enables the student to understand general patterns and principles and to apply them to the solution of relating issues using the acquired factual knowledge
Student is ready manage bases inorganic chemistry.
Prerequisites
Secondary school chemistry.

Assessment methods and criteria
Test

Active participation in the laboratory exercises, due elaboration of laboratory reports and successful (>50% score) passing of continuous tests or the credit test and settlement of possible damage due to negligence caused to laboratory equipment.
Recommended literature
  • ATKINS P., OVERTON T., et al. .:Inorganic Chemistry, Oxford Univ, Press 2006.
  • DRBAL K., KŘÍŽEK M. Anorganická a analytická chemie, ZF JU, Č.Budějovice 1993.
  • GREENWOOD N.N., A. EARNSHAW. Chemie prvků, Informatorium, Praha 1993.
  • HIRŠOVÁ a kol. Chemické názvosloví pro lékařské fakulty, Karolinum, Praha 2004.
  • CHANG R.:. Chemistry, WCB/McGraw-Hill 1998.
  • I. Lukeš, Z. Mička. Anorganická chemie II. Praha, Karolinum, 1999.
  • Křížek M., Jírovcová E. Cvičení z anorganické a analytické chemie. České Budějovice, 2010.
  • LICHTENBERG K., LUKAVKSÁ A. VPreparativní cvičení z anorganické chemie, ZF JU, ČB 1999.
  • MUCK A., PALETA O.:. Základy chemie ke studiu na VŠCHT. VŠCHT, Praha 1998.
  • Z. Mička, I. Lukeš. Anorganická chemie I. Praha, Karolinum, 1999.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester