Course: History of Philosophy (Middle Ages)

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Course title History of Philosophy (Middle Ages)
Course code KFI/DFST
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study 1
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech, English
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
  • Machula Tomáš, prof. Ph.D., Th.D.
Course content
1. The concept of Midle Ages. Patristic Era as a bridge from Antiquity to Middle Ages. Christian platonism. 2. Leading personalities of Christian Platonism (Augustine, Boethius, Dionysius, Eriugena) 3. Anselm from Canterbury, relationship of philosophy and tehology 4. Seven liberal arts, dialectics and antidialectics, Abaelard and Bernard of Clairvaux 5. Universals 6. Arabic and Jewish philosophy 7. Cathedral schools and universities 8. Aristotelian renaissance, Albert the Great 9. Thomas Aquinas - metaphysics 10. Thomas Aquinas - anthropology and ethics 11. Bonaventure and Franciscan school 12. Latin averroism, philosophy at universities 13. Henry of Ghent and John Duns Scotus 14. Ockham, Eckhart, Cusanus

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing)
  • Class attendance - 28 hours per semester
  • Preparation for exam - 56 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The course is focused on the basic philosophical concepts and personalities of Medieval philosophy.
Student have basic knowledge on leading persons of the Medieval philosophy. He is able to understand these philosophers and their particular conceptions to the context of the time and philosophical schools.

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination

Philosophers who must be known in detail Augustine, Anselm of Canterbury, Abaelard, Avicenna, Averroes, Maimonides, Albert the Great, Thomas Aquinas, Bonaventure, Henry of Ghent, John Duns Scotus, William Ockham, Philosophers who must be known in basic outline Justin, Clemens of Alexandria, Origen, Boethius, Dionysius, Eriugena, Roscelinus, Bernard of Clairvaux, Hugo of st. Victor, Roger Bacon, Siger of Brabant, Eckhart, Cusanus Philosophers who must be put into the right time Philo of Alexandria, Richard of St. Victor, Gilbert of Poitiers, Robert Grosseteste, Robert Kilwardby, William de la Mare, Peter Olivi, Gilles of Rome, Henry Suso, Raimund Lullus, John Buridan, John Wyclif, Jean Gerson Topic that must be known - Christian neoplatonism (characteristic, connection with Antique Platonic thinking, personalities) - relationship between philosophy and theology in the Middle Ages (important topics, concepts, personalities) - universals (characteristic of the disputes, practical meaning of the question, leading personalities of the particular streams) - the concepts of metaphysics and a being (Platonic and Aristotelian streams, Aquinas' and Scotus' metaphysics) - demonstrations of God's existence (apriori and aposteriori, Anselm, Aquinas, Scotus) - rationalism and voluntarism in ethics
Recommended literature
  • Heinzmann, R. Středověká filosofie. Olomouc, 2000.
  • Kobusch, T. Filosofie vrcholného a pozdního středověku. Praha, 2013.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Theology Study plan (Version): Philosophy and Religious Studies (2016) Category: Philosophy, theology 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Summer