Course: Logic

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Course title Logic
Course code KFI/KLOG
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study 2
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 3
Language of instruction Czech, English
Status of course Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
  • Novotný Daniel D., Ph.D.
Course content
Introduction: - Logic as a science and as an instrument. Entailment as the object of logic. - History of logic. Aristotelian-scholastic logic, early modern decadence of logic, contemporary logic Aristotelian logic - Thought. Thought as a kind of cognition. concept-formation, judging, inferring. Thought vs. imagination. Thought vs. language. - Concept. Concept as a sign. Object of a concept. Comprehension of a concept and its notes. Extension of a concept. Kinds and division of concepts. Predicables. Relations of concepts. Definiton and division. - Judgement. Categorical judgement. Subjet and predicate. Predication and truth. Quality and quantity. Distribution. Conversion. Square of oppositions. Composite judgements. - Argument. Categorical syllogism. Major and minor premise. Middle term. Figures and modes. Hypothetical and dijunctive argument. - Argumentation and counterargumentation. Argument. Proof. Objection. Method of argumentation and counterargumentation. Enthymeme and reconstruction of complete syllogism. Distinction. Indirect proof. Argument a rectis ad obliqua. Limits of argumentation.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Dialogic (discussion, interview, brainstorming), Work with text (with textbook, with book), Skills training
Learning outcomes
Becoming familiar with logic as a science and as an instrument. Becoming familiar with the Aristotelian conception of logic and practicing basic logical skills.
- theoretical knowledge of the basics of Aristotelian logic - capability of elementar logical analysis of natural language - practical ability to define and distinguish concepts and discern their mutual relations - practical ability to utilise basic kinds of arguments and to distinguish a valid argument from an invalid one - capability of counter-argumentation and of posing objections

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination, Student performance assessment, Test

Alternatively: - minimal proficiency in homework - written (practical) and oral (theoretical)exam
Recommended literature
  • Copi, Irvin. Introduction to Logic.
  • Jiří Fuchs. Úvod do filosofie. 1. Filosofická logika, Krystal, Praha 1993. Praha, 1993.
  • Kreeft, Peter. Socratic logic : a logic text using Socratic method, Platonic questions & Aristotelian principles. 2010.
  • Novák, Lukáš - Dvořák, Petr. Úvod do logiky aristotelské tradice. České Budějovice, 2007.
  • P. Cmorej. Úvod do logické syntaxe a sémantiky, Triton. 2002.
  • Prokop Sousedík. Logika pro studenty humanitních oborů, Vyšehrad, Praha 2001. Praha: Vyšehrad, 2001.
  • Selucký, Oldřich. Logika pro střední školy. Praha, 1995.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Theology Study plan (Version): Free Time Education (2016) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Theology Study plan (Version): Theology (2012) Category: Philosophy, theology 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter