Course: Logic

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Course title Logic
Course code KFI/LOG
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study 2
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 3
Language of instruction Czech, English
Status of course Compulsory, Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
Course availability The course is available to visiting students
  • Novotný Daniel D., Ph.D.
Course content
Introduction: - Logic as a science and as an instrument. Entailment as the object of logic. - History of logic. Aristotelian-scholastic logic, early modern decadence of logic, contemporary logic Aristotelian logic - Thought. Thought as a kind of cognition. concept-formation, judging, inferring. Thought vs. imagination. Thought vs. language. - Concept. Concept as a sign. Object of a concept. Comprehension of a concept and its notes. Extension of a concept. Kinds and division of concepts. Predicables. Relations of concepts. Definiton and division. - Judgement. Categorical judgement. Subjet and predicate. Predication and truth. Quality and quantity. Distribution. Conversion. Square of oppositions. Composite judgements. - Argument. Categorical syllogism. Major and minor premise. Middle term. Figures and modes. Hypothetical and dijunctive argument. - Argumentation and counterargumentation. Argument. Proof. Objection. Method of argumentation and counterargumentation. Enthymeme and reconstruction of complete syllogism. Distinction. Indirect proof. Argument a rectis ad obliqua. Limits of argumentation.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Dialogic (discussion, interview, brainstorming), Work with text (with textbook, with book), Skills training
  • Preparation for classes - 16 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Becoming familiar with logic as a science and as an instrument. Becoming familiar with the Aristotelian conception of logic and practicing basic logical skills.
- theoretical knowledge of the basics of Aristotelian logic - capability of elementar logical analysis of natural language - practical ability to define and distinguish concepts and discern their mutual relations - practical ability to utilise basic kinds of arguments and to distinguish a valid argument from an invalid one - capability of counter-argumentation and of posing objections

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination, Student performance assessment, Test

Alternatively: - minimal proficiency in homework - written (practical) and oral (theoretical)exam
Recommended literature
  • Copi, Irvin. Introduction to Logic.
  • Jiří Fuchs. Úvod do filosofie. 1. Filosofická logika, Krystal, Praha 1993. Praha, 1993.
  • Kreeft, Peter. Socratic logic : a logic text using Socratic method, Platonic questions & Aristotelian principles.
  • Novák, Lukáš - Dvořák, Petr. Úvod do logiky aristotelské tradice. České Budějovice, 2007.
  • Prokop Sousedík. Logika pro studenty humanitních oborů, Vyšehrad, Praha 2001. Praha: Vyšehrad, 2001.
  • Szymanek Krysztof. Umění argumentace. Olomouc, 2004.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Theology Study plan (Version): Free Time Education (2016) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Theology Study plan (Version): Theology (2012) Category: Philosophy, theology 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter