Lecturer(s)


Blažek Josef, doc. RNDr. CSc.

Course content

1. Historical development of the notion of atom from antiquity to the beginning of the 20th century 2. Thomson and Rutherford model of the atom 3. Study of atomic spectra in the 19th century, Balmer's formula and its generalization 4. Quantum properties of radiation: thermal radiation, photoelectric effect, Compton scattering 5. Old quantum theories: Bohr's model of the hydrogen atom and de Broglie's corpuscular  wave dualism 6. Outline of Schrödinger wave mechanics, comparison of paradigms of classical and quantum physics 7. Electron spin, Pauli exclusion principle, energy levels in atoms 8. Atomic spectra, Zeeman effect, Xray radiation 9. Periodic table of elements 10. Bonds between atoms in molecules, molecular spectra 11. Characteristics of atomic nucleus, binding energy, shell model 12. Natural radioactivity alpha, beta, gamma 13. Nuclear fission and nuclear energy, nuclear fusion and stellar processes 14. Classification of elementary particles, standard model, CERN research center

Learning activities and teaching methods

Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing)

Learning outcomes

Students will gain basic knowledge of atomic, nuclear and particle physics. They will get acquainted with the history of atomic and quantum theories, description of quantum states of electrons in atoms, the structure of atomic nuclei and the physical causes of chemical and nuclear reactions. They will understand physical principles of obtaining energy from nuclear fusion and fission. Emphasis is placed on basic knowledge and concepts, with the limitation of mathematics to necessary extent. Interdisciplinary relationships (nuclear energy, astronomy, chemistry) and their applications in the educational process at primary schools are taken into account. Part of the material is discussed in the form of seminar papers.
Gain basic knowledge in the field of atomic physics and be able to apply it in primary school teaching.

Prerequisites

Basic knowledge of preceding subjects Physics 13 and Mathematics for physicists

Assessment methods and criteria

Combined exam
Mastering the curriculum in the scope of requirements for oral and written part of the exam.

Recommended literature


Baláž, P., Doležel, M., Bederka, Š.:. Fyzika pre pedagogické fakulty, III. diel. SPN Bratislava, 1973..

Beiser, A.:. Úvod do moderní fyziky. Academia Praha, 1975..

Daniš, S.:. Atomová fyzika a elektronová struktura látek. Matfyzpress 2019..

Halliday D.:. Fyzika. 2. díl. VUTIUM Brno, 2014..

Horák, Z., Krupka, K.:. Fyzika. sv. 2. SNTL Praha, 1976..

Krane, K.:. Modern Physics. John Wiley & Sons, 2012..

Štoll, I.:. Fyzika pro gymnázia  Fyzika mikrosvěta. Prometheus Praha, 2010..

Úlehla, I., Suk, M., Trka, Z.:. Atomy, jádra, částice. Academia Praha, 1990..
