Lecturer(s)


Blažek Josef, doc. RNDr. CSc.

Course content

1. Prerelativistic conceptions of the ether, Michelson's experiment 2. Galileo transformation of coordinates, classical principle of relativity 3. Basic postulates of special theory of relativity, derivation of special Lorentz transformation (SLT) 4. Consequences of SLT: relativity of simultaneity, length contraction, time dilation 5. Consequences of SLT: relativistic speed addition, limit speed, superluminal speeds 6. "Paradoxes" of special theory of relativity and their solutions 7. Relationship between energy and mass 8. Examples of the conservation laws of relativistic energy and momentum 9. Relativistic description of electromagnetic quanta, Compton scattering 10. Experimental tests of special theory of relativity 11. Gravitational and inertial forces and associated masses, indistinguishability of gravitational and inertial forces 12. Basic ideas and consequences of general theory of relativity 13. Observations, confirming predictions of the general theory of relativity 14. Cosmological models

Learning activities and teaching methods

Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Work with multimedia resources (texts, internet, IT technologies)
 Class attendance
 28 hours per semester

Learning outcomes

The student will realize limitations of seemingly "obvious" conceptions of space and time, which he has experienced from the subjects of classical physics. He will understand the experimental reasons that led to the emergence of the special theory of relativity and the associated changes in our understanding of spacetime relations. He will also get acquainted with basic assumptions and ideas of the general theory of relativity.
Students will realize the limits of "obvious" concepts of classical physics, especially those related to the concept of space and time. In the role of teachers, they will be able to pass on knowledge in elementary form to their pupils.

Prerequisites

Knowledge of classical mechanics at the bachelor's level, basic knowledge of optics

Assessment methods and criteria

Colloquium
80% attendance at seminars, submission of seminar work, understanding the key ideas

Recommended literature


Baláž, P., Doležel, M., Bederka, Š.:. Fyzika pre pedagogické fakulty. III. diel. SPN Bratislava, 1973..

Bartuška K.:. Fyzika pro gymnázia  Speciální teorie relativity. Prometheus Praha, 2010..

Bartuška K.:. Kapitoly ze speciální teorie relativity. SPN 1989..

Beiser, A.:. Úvod do moderní fyziky. Academia Praha, 1975..

Dvořák, L.:. Teorie relativity. MFF UK Praha 2016, https://kdf.mff.cuni.cz/vyuka/TeorieRelativity..

Halliday D.:. Fyzika. 2. díl, kap. 37. VUTIUM Brno, 2014.

Krane, K.:. Modern Physics. John Wiley & Sons, 2012..
