Course: Solid-state physics

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Course title Solid-state physics
Course code KFY/FPLD
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Master
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Blažek Josef, doc. RNDr. CSc.
Course content
1. Solid state matters structure - crystalline matters, amorphous matters, crystallographic systems. Bravais's lattice, primitive cell, translation vectors, Miller's indexes. 2. Bonds in solid matters - atomic forces, attractive and repulsive forces, Van der Waals bond, ionic bond, covalent bond, hydrogen bond, bond energy. 3. Defects in crystalline lattice - point defects of crystalline lattice, vacancy, more dimensional dislocations, dislocations. 4. Physical consequences of defects in crystalline lattice existence - rigidity, elasticity, hardness of materials, impurity electrical conductance. 5. Elasticity and hardness of materials- Hook's law and its application in hardness calculations of segments (pull, pressure). 6. Experimental methods of material structure research - electron, neutron and roentgen diffraction in atomic structure of materials, interaction with electron beam. Reciprocal lattice. Bragg's law. 7. Electron structure of solid matters, Fermi-Dirac distributive function, belt model of energetic levels occupancy in atoms. 8. Crystalline lattice oscillations - phonons, specific heat and solid matters conductivity (Einstein/Deby theory). 9. Theory of conducting electrical current in matters - conductors, insulators, semiconductors. 10. Semiconductors - intrinsic semiconductors and impurity semiconductors. 11. Transport effects in semiconductors. Hall's effect and other effects. 12. Magnetic properties of solid matters - paramagnetic, diamagnetic, ferromagnetic, ferimagnetic and antiferomagnetic matters. 13. Optical properties of solid matters. 14. Dielectrics and feroelectrics.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing)
Learning outcomes
Solid state matters structures, lattice oscillations, solid state matters bonds, mechanical properties of solid structures, types of semiconductors, transport phenomena in semiconductors, magnetic properties of matters, superconductivity, supraliquidity, diagnostical methods.
Basic overview of properties of solid substances.
Prerequisites
none

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination

An active knowledge of the subject matter as presented by the teaching plan of the course.
Recommended literature
  • Kratochvíl, P. a kol.:. Úvod do fyziky pevných látek I, II. Praha, 1978.
  • Šternberk, J.:. Úvod do magnetismu pevných látek I. Praha, 1979.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Education Study plan (Version): Fundamentals of manufacturing engineering for education (2) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Recommended year of study:-, Recommended semester: Summer
Faculty: Faculty of Education Study plan (Version): Teacher training in physics (2) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Recommended year of study:-, Recommended semester: Summer