Course: Modern physics

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Course title Modern physics
Course code KFY/MOFD
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Master
Year of study 2
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Blažek Josef, doc. RNDr. CSc.
Course content
1) Mass particle dynamics The second Newton´s law and its consequences, laws of conservation of momentum, moment of momentum and energy 2) Special movements I Harmonic oscillators 3) Special movements II Movements in radial fields, movements of charged particles in electrical and magnetic fields 4) Systems of particles Laws of conservation, two particles system analysis 5) Relativity principle Michelson´s experiment, constant speed of light principle, special Lorentz transformation 6) Relativistic kinematics Kinematic consequences of special Lorentz´s transformation 7) Relativistic energy Relativistic dynamical processes, photon energy and momentum 8) Old quantum theory Classical physics crisis, quantizing of electromagnetic field, Bohr´s Hydrogen atom model, de Broglie´s theory 9) Elements of Schrodinger´s quantum theory Quantum ramdomness, wave fiction, Time Shrodinger´s equation, Non-time Schrodinger´s equation, indeterminancy relations 10) The first law of thermodynamics Physical quantities describing processes and states (heat and work), Formulation of the first law of thermodynamics, specific heat, Mayer´s formula 11) The second law of thermodynamics Different formulas of the sekond law, ethropy, ireversibility, thermodynamic machines 12) The third law of Thermodynamics Reversible and irreversible gas expansioins, Low temperatures approaching 13) Methods of statistical physics Statistical description of a system with many particles, physical application of chosen distributions 14) Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution Maxwell distribution and its consequences, Boltzman distribution application

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing)
Learning outcomes
Elementary phenomena of theoretical mechanics and theory of relativity.
Understanding mathematical methods of mechanics, basics of quantitative physics and thermodynamics.

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination

Study material in the extent presented in lectures and teaching plan.
Recommended literature
  • Bartuška K.:. Kapitoly ze speciální teorie relativity. SPN 1989.
  • Blažek J.:. Úvod do termodynamiky a statistické fyziky. Skripta PF JU, České Budějovice, 1993.
  • Brdička M., Hladík A.:. Teoretická mechanika. Academia, Praha 1987.
  • Hey T., Walters P.:. Nový kvantový vesmír. Argo 2005.
  • Kvasnica J. a kol.:. Mechanika. Academia, Praha 2004.
  • Marx G.:. Úvod do kvantové mechaniky. Praha 1965.
  • Skála, L. Úvod do kvantové mechaniky. Academia, Praha, 2005. ISBN 80-200-1316-4.
  • Svoboda E., Bakule R.:. Molekulová fyzika. Praha 1992.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Education Study plan (Version): Teacher training in physics (2) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter