Course: Special Plant Genetics

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Course title Special Plant Genetics
Course code KGZB/SGR
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Master
Year of study 1
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 6
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Čurn Vladislav, prof. Ing. Ph.D.
  • Beran Pavel, Ing. Ph.D.
Course content
Structure and size of plant genome, model object in plant genetics. Plant genome analysis, molecular biology methods, flow cytometry, chromosome sorting, creation of specific libraries. Specifics of Plant Genetics. Reproduction genetics, sterility and cytoplasmic sterility, auitoincompatibility, dynamics of autogamic and panmic populations. Genetics of plant populations. Genetic gain. Genomic, chromosomal and genomic mutations in plants, control of the mutation process and use of induced mutagenesis in plant breeding. Evolution of polyploid complexes in plants. Genetics of quantitative features, total variability on individual components. Genetic aspects of basic principles and ways of integrating genetic information into a foreign species. Somatic hybridization - protoplast cultures, somaclonal plant variability and mutagenesis. Genetics of isoenzymes, protein markers and DNA markers in plants. Genetics of explant cultures in vitro. Special genetics of wheat, barley, oats, rye and triticale. Special genetics of corn, sugar beet and sunflower annual. Special genetics of oilseed rape and flax. Special potato genetics and selected legumes. Special genetics of alfalfa and clover.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing)
  • Preparation for credit - 10 hours per semester
  • Preparation for exam - 20 hours per semester
  • Semestral paper - 20 hours per semester
  • Class attendance - 56 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The aim of the subject is to broaden the basics of general genetics on special plant genetics in order to obtain the theoretical basis for subjects from the field of breeding, biotechnology and gene engineering of plants.
The student will be able to apply the acquired knowledge for the optimization of breeding procedures.
Prerequisites
Standard knowledge of biology and genetics

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination

Prerequisite of routine work with information technologies and with database systems for solving tasks related to the study of inheritance of main production characters in basic livestock species.
Recommended literature
  • Brown T.A. Klonování genu a analýza DNA. Univerzita Palackého v Olonouci, 389 s., 2007.
  • Gregory T.R. The Evolution of the Genome. Academic Press 2005, 768 s..
  • Hraška Š. Špeciálna genetika poĺnohospodárskych rastlín. Príroda, Bratislava 1989. 212 s..
  • Klug W.S., Cummings M.R., C.A., Palladino M.A.:. Concepts of Genetics (9th Ed.). Benjamin Cummings 2008, 876 s..
  • Reece R.J. Analysis of genes and genomes. Wiley Publ. 2004, 470s..
  • Sáková, L., Čurn, V. Speciální genetika rostlin. České Budějovice, ZF JU 1995, 83 s..
  • Weaner, R.F., Hedrick, P.W. Basic Genetics. Raleigh, Wm C. Brown Publishers 1991, 507 s..


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Agriculture Study plan (Version): Agricultural Biotechnology (2017) Category: Agriculture and forestry 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter