Course: Plant Breeding

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Course title Plant Breeding
Course code KGZB/SLR
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Master
Year of study 1
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 6
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Čurn Vladislav, prof. Ing. Ph.D.
  • Beran Pavel, Ing. Ph.D.
  • Jozová Eva, Ing. Ph.D.
Course content
Introduction, importance of plant breeding, historical background of plant breeding, organisation of breeding in Czech Republic. Biological bases of plant breeding, origin of cultivated plants, gene centres. Characterisation of cultivated varieties, changes in assortment. Gene resources, gene banks. Breeding targets - yield and yield stability, quality of production, length of vegetation period, resistance to stress factors, ability to technology of cultivation. Breeding for resistance to diseases and pests. Breeding methods - selection as basal method of plant breeding. Crossing (combination), principles of selection of parental components. Intergeneric and interspecific crossing, utilisation of this method in plant breeding, results. Project of backcross breeding. Selection of breeding material after crossing. Heterosis breeding, selection of parental components - combinational ability testing, heterosis in F1 hybrids. Heterosis in synthetic populations. Mutation breeding, polyploid and haploid breeding. Induction of mutations, detection of mutant plants. In vitro methods of plant cell, tissue and organ cultures in plant breeding. Micropropagation in vitro, androgenesis, somaclonal variation, genetic engineering. System of variety testing in Czech Republic, legislature. Maintenance breeding of cultivated varieties. Techniques of plant breeding - documentation, facilities, breeding station, nursery, field tests.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing)
  • Preparation for credit - 10 hours per semester
  • Preparation for exam - 20 hours per semester
  • Semestral paper - 20 hours per semester
  • Class attendance - 56 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Introduction to theoretical bases of plant breeding, breeding methods and methods of evaluation of breeding material. Methodology and techniques of breeding new varieties, principles of maintenance breeding.
Students are able to orientate in the field of plant breeding
Prerequisites
Standard knowledge of biology and genetics

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination

Active participation in exercises, protocols from laboratory exercises, understanding the curriculum defined for the exam.
Recommended literature
  • Graman,J.,Čurn,V. Šlechtění rostlin. České Budějovice, JU ZF, 1998.
  • Hoffmann,W. et al. Lehrbuch der Pflanzenzuchtung landwirtschaft. Kulturpflanzen,B.2.Berlin,Hamburg,Paul Parey, 1985.
  • Chloupek,O. Genetická diverzita, šlechtění a semenářství. Praha, Academia, 2008.
  • Ondřej,M., Drobník,J. Transgenoze rostlin. Academia Praha, 2002.
  • Richards,A.J. Plant breeding systems. Chapman and Hall London, 1997.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Agriculture Study plan (Version): Agricultural Biotechnology (2017) Category: Agriculture and forestry 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Agriculture Study plan (Version): Agriculture Engineering (2014) Category: Agriculture and forestry 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter