Course: Plant Breeding

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Course title Plant Breeding
Course code KGZB/SLRO
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson + Seminary
Level of course Master
Year of study 1
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Hoštičková Irena, Ing. Ph.D.
  • Čurn Vladislav, prof. Ing. Ph.D.
  • Jozová Eva, Ing. Ph.D.
Course content
Contents of blocks and seminars: 1. Definitions and tasks of breeding. Historical development. Origin of cultivated plants and their hotspots. Genetic resources, gene banks. Variety, Genetic structure. 2. Breeding objectives: breeding for yield and product quality, for the length of the growing season, for resistance to stress and suitability for cultivation technology. 3. Breeding methods: Selection, types of selection. 4. Combinational crossing, principles of parent selection and crossing methods. 5. Backcrossing. Remote crossing, possibilities and results of use in breeding. 6. Heterosis crossing: Usage of heterosis of F1 hybrids. Testing of OKS and SKS parent lines. 7. Use of heterosis in synthetic populations. 8. Processing of generations after crossbreeding, breeding selection procedures. Scheme of selection procedures - self-pollinating. 9. Scheme of selection procedures - allogamy. 10. Scheme of selection procedures - vegetatively propagated. 11. Use of mutations and polyploidy in breeding. 12. Application of in vitro methods in plant breeding. Application of molecular biology methods in breeding. MAS and MMAS systems, breeding of transgenic varieties. 13. Breeding work technique, breeding documentation. Breeding nurseries, vegetation records. 14. Testing of new varieties in the Czech Republic, variety registration, legislation. Evaluation of results of variety tests.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing)
  • Preparation for credit - 20 hours per semester
  • Preparation for exam - 30 hours per semester
  • Class attendance - 56 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
IThe aim of the course is to provide the theoretical basis of plant breeding, including their application in the process of crop breeding.
Students are able to orientate in the field of plant breeding
Prerequisites
Standard knowledge of biology and genetics

Assessment methods and criteria
Combined exam

Active participation in exercises, protocols from laboratory exercises, understanding the curriculum defined for the exam.
Recommended literature
  • Čurn, V. Šlechtění zemědělských plodin. České Budějovice, ZF JU, 2005.. ZF JU České Budějovice, 2005.
  • Čurn, V. Šlechtění zemědělských plodin. České Budějovice, ZF JU, 2006.. ZF JU České Budějovice, 2006.
  • Graman, J., Čurn, V. Šlechtění rostlin (obecná část). České Budějovice, ZF JU 1998.. ZF JU České Budějovice, 1998.
  • Chloupek, O. Genetická diverzita, šlechtění a semenářství. Praha, Academia 2008.. Academia Praha, 2008.
  • Niks., R.E., a kol. Breeding crops with resistence to diseases and pests, Wageningen Academic Publisher, 2019. Academic Wagemingen, 2019.
  • Richards, A.J. Plant breeding systems. Chapman and Hall London 1997.. Chapman and Hall London, 1997.
  • studijní materiály. http://biocentrum.zf.jcu.cz/ruzne.php.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester