Course: Pathological Anatomy

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Course title Pathological Anatomy
Course code KME/742
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Frequency of the course In each academic year, in the summer semester.
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 6
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Makuša Michal, MUDr.
Course content
Content of lectures: 1.Introduction. Subject of pathology and its application in practise. 2. Disorders of blood and lymph circulation. Shock. Colaps. Hearth insufficiency. Cardiac valve defects. Endocarditis. Atherosclerosis. Anaemia. Haemorrhage. Oedema. 3. Inflammation. Alternative, exudative, proliferative inflammation. Macroscopic manifestation of inflammation. Inflammatory infiltration and exudation. Granulomas. Abscess. Progressive changes. Reparative inflammation, regeneration, hypertrophy, and hyperplasia, metaplasia and aplasia. General oncology. Cancer markers. Histological and morphological classification. Expansive and infiltrative growth. Lymphogenous, haematogenous, direct dissemination. Aetiology. Precanceroses. 6. General aetiology. External causes of diseases, physical and chemical causes, environmental effects. Internal causes of diseases. Genetic causes and predisposition. Breathing disorders. Respiratory system insufficiency, diseases of upper respiratory tract, lungs, pleura. 8. Disorders of gastrointestinal system. Diseases of oesophagus, stomach, bowels, peritoneum., liver, biliary ducts, pancreas. 9. Kidney diseases. Metabolic breakdown and renal insufficiency. 10. Nervous system disorders. Circulation disorders in the nervous system. 11. Hormonal disorders. Disorders of hypophysis, thyroidea, adrenal glands, parathyroids. Diabetes. 12. Significance and types of necropsies. Content of practices: Practicals is a loosely follow up to the lectures.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Demonstration
  • Class attendance - 56 hours per semester
  • Preparation for classes - 30 hours per semester
  • Preparation for exam - 50 hours per semester
  • Preparation for credit - 20 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Students are familiarized with the teoretical elementary concepts in pathology. Lectures are focused to the theoretical resolution of the diseases, inflammations and the tumours, respectively. The understanding of the pathology as a part of the diagostic examination methods, the mastering of the basic pathological anatomic terminology, comprehending the causes of the disease origin and the pathological processes explanations are offered to students during the course.
Student understands the morphological changes in human body during pathological conditions induced by cancer/noncancer diseases.
No specific requirements are necessary.

Assessment methods and criteria
Systematic student observation, Combined exam

To pass exam is necessary to obtain at least 70% points in written combined test.
Recommended literature
  • BRYCHTOVÁ, Svetlana a HLOBILKOVÁ, Alice. Histopatologický atlas. Praha, 2008. ISBN 9788024716503.
  • POVÝŠIL, Ctibor a ŠTEINER, Ivo. Obecná patologie. Praha, 2011. ISBN 9788072627738.
  • POVÝŠIL, Ctibor a ŠTEINER, Ivo. Speciální patologie. Praha, 2007. ISBN 9788072624942.
  • ZÁMEČNÍK, Josef. Patologie. Praha, 2019. ISBN 9788027064571.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Science Study plan (Version): Biomedical Laboratory Techniques (1) Category: Biology courses 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Summer