Course: Fundamentals of philosophy

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Course title Fundamentals of philosophy
Course code KSV/UZF
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study 1
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 6
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Pavličíková Helena, PhDr. CSc.
Course content
1. What is philosophy, 2. Philosophical questions, 3. division of philosophy, 4. Philosophy and world opinion, 5. Myth, philosophy, religion, 6. Logic and theory of science, 7. Basic categories of logic, 8. Philosophy of being, 9. Metaphysics and ontology, 10. Method and methodology, 11. Doxism and epistémé, 12. Gnoseology, 13. Truth within history of philosophy.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing)
Learning outcomes
Course presents basics of philosophical and logical thinking. Explains important categories of philosophy, formal and propositional logic. Systematically presents ontological, gnosiological, philosophical-anthropological and ethic problems. Lectures follow explanation of relation between philosophy and religion, conversion of myth to logos. The course of lectures is done as a bloc of philosophical themes that comes from interpretation of basic philosophical conceptions. Gnosiological question dwell on basic concept that exist in history of philosophy in relation to other conceptions of knowledge theory (from antique to present); ontological aspects are put into concept of first philosophical attitude and orientation (by Platon, Aristotel, T.Akvinský, I. Kant, G.W.F.Hegel, F.Nietzeche, K. Jasper, M.Heidegger, S.Alexandr, A.N.Whitehead and N.Hartmann). The question of God is present within the text of D.Alen who is interested in question of theological interpretation of God for several years for students of humanistic discipline. Questions of Philosophy of nature and philosophical analysis of phenomenon in nature are solved within Philosophy of nature - the way how the history classics of philosophy approached problems. Anthropological aspects will be explained on the basis of overview of principal boudary marks development of future philosophical antropology and its problems, categories and approach to solution of basic questions in relation to human. Lectures deal with basics of logic within interpretation of Aristotel, formal and propositional logic and its forms in present analytic philosophy. Seminars of this course of lectures focus on reading of original philosophical texts that are accompanied by seminar works of students. Texts are selected purposely from classics of philosophical thinking with aim to show students fact that philosophy is not possible to learn by heart but that is necessary to develop certain relation and understanding.
Student is well informed about principal methods and categories of philosophical thinking, critically comments on philosophical texts from history of philosophy.
Prerequisites
none

Assessment methods and criteria
Essay

Elaboration of seminar work.
Recommended literature
  • Anzenbacher, A. Úvod do filosofie.
  • Benyovszky, L. a kol.:. Filosofická propedeutika. 1. díl, Sofis, Praha 1998.
  • Benyovszky, L. a kol.:. Filosofická propedeutika. 2. díl, Sofis, Praha 2001.
  • Blecha, I.:. Filosofie. /Základní problémy/. FIN, Olomouc 2004.
  • Heidegger, M.:. Co je metafyzika? OIKOYMENH, Praha 1993.
  • Jaspers, K.:. Úvod do filosofie. Univerzita Karlova, Praha 1991.
  • Michálek, J.:. Co je filozofie?. Praha, 1995.
  • Popelová, J.:. Zrození filosofie. Mladá fronta, Praha 1977.
  • Störig, H.J.:. Malé dějiny filosofie. Zvon, Praha 2001.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Education Study plan (Version): Teaching vocational subjects part-time BA course (2) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter