Course: Eschatology

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Course title Eschatology
Course code KTEO/KECH
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Master
Year of study 1
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 4
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Kolářová Lucie, Mgr. Dr. theol.
Course content
I. Classification of eschatology (anthropological-historical context) 1. Concepts and content of eschatology 2. Religionistic context of eschatology 3. Current relevance of eschatology in post-Christian culture (apocalyptics, immortality, new birth) 4. Development of theoretical understanding of the treatise of eschatology II. Biblical eschatology 5. Old Testament eschatology 5.1 Fulfilled life x desolate existence in Sheol 5.2 Resurrection of a nation 5.3 Messianic hope 5.4 Isaiah's apocalypse 5.5 Maccabees 5.5 Apocalyptics 6. New Testament eschatology 6.1 Concept basileia tou Theou (Kingdom of God) 6.2 Jesus eschatology in its present-future structure 6.3 Judgement 6.5 Death and resurrection of Jesus; the change in expectation of parousia 6.6 Various meanings of resurrection in the New Testament III. Theological-dogmatical development of the message of hope 7. Resurrectio mortuorum in the history of Christian faith 7.1 Immortality of the soul and resurrection of the body (neoplatonic heritage) 7.2 The soul is naturally mortal (Apostolic Fathers) 7.3 Rejecting Gnosis (Tertullian, Ireneus) 7.4 Anima forma corporis (Thomas Aquinas) 7.5 Death as the annihilation of man (20th century protestant theology) IV. The symbolic content of eschatology 8. Study of the "transitional state" of the soul 9. Eschatological symbols 9.1 Death and judgement (decisions in death, judgement, reconciliation, theodicy) 9.2 Transition of the person (image of purgatory) 9.3 Absolute self-destruction (image of hell) 9.4 Never-ending bliss (image of heaven) 10. Lived hope - eschatological faith as ferment of future history (systematisation)

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Dialogic (discussion, interview, brainstorming)
Learning outcomes
The entire Christian understanding of reality is connected with eschatology, which systematically reflects Christian hope. If the world is created and if the image of mankind is directed towards ultimate completion in God, then eschatological faith not only involves information on the possibility of life after death, but also a concept of hope in transcendental completion. It means the promise of a good and just life, a rich and full life which perceives the entire reality in the perspective of redemption, salvation, liberation. It means the possibility of active hope. Therefore, eschatology does not begin where anthropology or biology ends, as death is not its boundary. The boundary of eschatology reaches into the framework of a righteous or unrighteous life, of the attainment of good or the succumbing to evil, into the middle of our everyday life. Although eschatology also includes reflections on the risk of not accomplishing what we are offered in our hopes, it does not represent a threat in principle. On the contrary, it is, in the true sense of the word, about glad and hopeful tidings: a message for mankind that can relieve us of existential anxiety and lead us out of the captivity of our own destuctiveness. For, the "last things" (ta eschata) of mankind refer to our real time in history and are thus revealed as an important and practical hope for the world, for mankind, for life.
The student will be acquainted with the topic of eschatology in its wider historical and existential context.
Religion studies Ecumenical theology Theology and dogmatics - an introduction Basics of the Bible studies

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination, Student performance assessment

Oral examination, references about a particular book related to one of the given topics with handwritten excerpts.
Recommended literature
  • Baltasar, H.U. Síla křesťanské naděje. Olomouc, 1995.
  • Brabec, L. Křesťanská thanatologie. Praha, 1991.
  • Dolista, J. Perspektivy naděje. Brno, 1997.
  • Granat, W. K člověku a Bohu v Kristu (5). Řím, 1981.
  • Guardini, R. Konec novověku. Praha, 1992.
  • Guardini, R. Posledné veci. Trnava, 2001.
  • Helwig, M.K. Eschatologie, in: Systematická teologie 3, str. 164-188. Brno, 2000.
  • Kremer, J. Budoucnost zemřelých. Praha, 1995.
  • Kubalík, J. Dějiny náboženství. Praha, 1984.
  • Küng, H. Věčný život?. Praha, 2006.
  • Müller, G.L. Dogmatika pro studium i pastoraci, str. 242-252, 523-578. Kostelní Vydří, 2010.
  • Pokorný, P., Veselý, J. Perspektiva víry. Praha, 1991.
  • Ratzinger, J. Eschatologie. Smrt a věčný život. Brno, 2008.
  • Sborník. Apokatastasis nebo apokalypsis? Antické představy o konci světa. Olomouc, 2001.
  • Sborník. Čtyři pojetí pekla. Praha, 2001.
  • Špidlík, T. Věřím v život věčný. Eschatologie. Praha, 2007.
  • Wolf, V. Syntéza víry, str. 167-187. Olomouc, 2003.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Theology Study plan (Version): Theology (2012) Category: Philosophy, theology 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Theology Study plan (Version): Theology of Ministry (2015) Category: Philosophy, theology 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Theology Study plan (Version): Teacher of Religion and Ethics (2016) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Winter