Course: Soteriology and Christology

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Course title Soteriology and Christology
Course code KTEO/KKS
Organizational form of instruction Lecture
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study 3
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 6
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Pospíšil Ctirad Václav, prof. Th.D.
  • Řeháková Veronika, Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
Soteriology 1) Three basic questions of soteriology: 1) from what we want to be saved, 2) towards what we want to be saved, 3) how and what with we want to achieve this salvation. 2) An overview and critique of some secular soteriologies: Marxism-Leninism, Marxism-Freudism. 3) Religious soteriologies: 1) ethnic religions, 2) Hinduism, 3) Buddhism, 4) Taoism, 5) Manichaeism, 6) Islam. 4) Christian soteriology is grounded in liberation of the "first creation", and "first Adam", from droop of the sin towards the "new creation", and the "new Adam". This heave happened in the Christ event of resurrection and exaltation. Everybody is than called to be part of this through faith, hope and love as well as through sacramental signs. 5) Christian soteriology as the history of salvation (O. Cullmann, Vl. Boublík). 6) The question of predestination towards salvation and its metamorphosis from St. Augustine to Boublík 7) Soteriology of Anselm from Canterbury - its merits, shadows and influence. He missed there the teaching about resurrection of Jesus. 8) Redemption and resurrection (Rom 4, 25). 9) Misleading concepts of the salvation-bringing meaning of Jesus´ suffering and death. 10) Basic notions of the salvation-bringing meaning of Jesus´ crucifixion: satisfaction, redemption, sacrifice, forgiveness, reconciliation. 11) Resurrection of Jesus as primal and embryonic realization of the perfect salvation of the whole humanity of Jesus, which became the source of emanation of the Holy Spirit, who will complete final palingenesis of humanity and the whole creation. Christology 1) Variety of Christologies: "from above", "from below", "descendent", "ascendant", metaphysical, existentional, historical, secular, eschatological, integral. 2) Who is Jesus from the perspective of phenomenology and sociology in the framework of that time Jewish society and in the world perspective? Jesus is absolutely unique. 3) Christology of the Holy Scripture. Six terms of the Old Testament, which prefigure the New Testament Christology: Dabar JHVH, Mal´ach JHVH, Chochma JHVH, Ben adam, Ebed JHVH, Mashiach. Christology of the new testament according to R. E. Brown: Christology of parusia, Christology of resurrection, Christology of the public activity of Jesus, Christology of Jesus´ conception and birth (Mathew, Luke), Christology of pre-existention prior to creation (John). Christ's pre-existention from eternity is not explicitly mentioned in the Scripture. Such formulation appears at the council of Nicaea (325). 4) Evolution of Christology as the battle on two frontlines: against reduction of Jesus´ humanity (Docetism, Apollinarism) and against reduction of his divinity (Ebionites, Adaptianism, Subordinationism, Arianism). 5) Fight for divinity of Jesus against Arianism. 6) Nestorianism and council of Ephesus (431). Monophysitism and "latrocinium efesinum" (449). "Tomus ad Flavianum" of the pope Leo and council of Chalcedon. Crucial meaning of terms as "person" (prosópon) a "nature" (usia) and four adverbs: Inconfuse, inmutabiliter, indivise, inseparabiliter. 7) Monoenergetism a monothelism. Theology of Maxim Confessor and his martyrdom (13. 8. 662). Third council of Constantinople (680-681). 8) Iconoclasm Christology of monophysitism, theology of John Damascus (+749) and fourth council of Constantinople (843). 9) Mystery of incarnation: Its primary purpose according to Thomas Aquinas and Duns Scotus. Various attempts to define "person": Boethius, Richard from st. Victor, Cajetanus, Capreolus, Suarez, Anton Günther, Jean Galot. 10) Mystery of anointment (Unctio) thus resurrection. He will get the name which is above all names. He will sit on the right hand of God.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Dialogic (discussion, interview, brainstorming)
Learning outcomes
First of all to give to the student knowledge of the Church teaching about Jesus Christ as it is treasured in the Holy Scripture was formed during history and is now presented by the Church. Students will be acquainted later with the teaching about salvation in Jesus Christ. This teaching will be confronted with concepts of the salvation in some other world religions (Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism and ethnic religions), as well as in some major present secular ideologies.
Student will have orientation in the many "salvation offers", and necessary preconditions for his or her own mature decision for the particular "project of salvation" in Jesus Christ. Through this, students will have also moral conditions to work in society as a convinced Christian.
Religion studies

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination

Active participation during the lectures Knowledge of the course content Knowledge of the recommended literature Oral exam
Recommended literature
  • Boublík, V. Il mistero della salvezza. Roma: PUL, 1976.
  • Boublík, V. Teologie dějin spásy. Kostelní Vydří: Karmelitánské nakladatelství, 2002.
  • Brown, R. E. Ježíš v pohledu Nového zákona. Úvod do christologie. Praha: Vyšehrad, 1998. ISBN 80-7021-228-4.
  • Dreyfus, F. Věděl Ježíš, že je Bůh?. Praha: Krystal OP, 1998.
  • Granat, W. K člověku a Bohu v Kristu, Křesťanská akademie, Řím. 1981.
  • Nicolas, J. H. Syntéza dogmatické teologie I. Bůh v Trojici. Praha: Krystal OP, 2003.
  • Pospíšil, C. V. Ježíš z Nazareta, Pán a Spasitel. Praha: Krystal OP, 2006.
  • Scheffczyk, L. Ježíš Kristus, pravý Bůh a pravý člověk, in: Křesťanská víra ve světle současné teologie, Kř. akademie. 1993.
  • Schubert, K. Ježíš ve světle tradiční židovské literatury. Praha: Vyšehrad, 2003. ISBN 80-7021-591-7.
  • Skalický, K. Predestinace jako tajemství spásy v teologii Vladimíra Boublíka. Česko-římský teolog Vladimír Boublík. Teologická fakulta Jihočeské univerzity, České Budějovice, 1999.
  • Skalický, K. Zakládající událost křesťanství: Ukřižování a zmrtvýchvstání Ježíše Nazaretského. Teologické texty, 2005.
  • Zvěřina, J. Teologie agapé, (I.) Praha. 1992.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Theology Study plan (Version): Theology of Ministry (2015) Category: Philosophy, theology 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Summer
Faculty: Faculty of Theology Study plan (Version): Theology (2012) Category: Philosophy, theology 3 Recommended year of study:3, Recommended semester: Summer