Course: The Fundamentals of Chemistry

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Course title The Fundamentals of Chemistry
Course code UCH/080
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Doctoral
Year of study not specified
Frequency of the course In each academic year, in the summer semester.
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 3
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course unspecified
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Kutý Michal, Mgr. Ph.D.
  • Prudnikova Taťána, MSc. Ph.D.
Course content
The lecture comprises following topics: Elementary particles and atom structure, periodic table of elemnts, radioactivity, nuclear reactions, fusion and fission of nuclei, chain reaction and kinetics of radiodecay, atomic electron shell, atomic and molecular orbitals, chemical properties of elements and their periodicity, metals, metalloids and nonmetals, chembiatomic and polyatomic compounds, shape of moleules, theory of hybridization and VSEPR method, donor-acceptor bond, complex compounds, central atom, ligand chelates, structural and stereoisomerism of complexes, weak interactions: hydrogen bonds and van der Waals interactions, molecular crystals, ions, ionic bonds and ionic crystals, chemical nomenclature of inorganic and organic compounds, chemical reactions and equations, acid-base and redox reactions, acid and base strength, aqeous solutions of acids, bases and salts, pH - definition and calculation, galvanic and electrolytic cell, stoichiometry and yield calculation, experimental methods for study of chemical compounds (H- a 13C- NMR, IR, UV/VIS a MS). Theoretical practicals are focused on fundamental topics of chemistry: radioactivity and nuclear reactions, electron configuration in atoms and molecules, bond order, Lewis structures and structure of molecules in 3D using VSEPR, chemical nomenclature of inorganic and organic compounds, pH, stoichiometry and yield calculation, interpretation of spectral data.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Dialogic (discussion, interview, brainstorming), Projection, Laboratory, E-learning, Excursion
  • Preparation for exam - 24 hours per semester
  • Preparation for credit - 12 hours per semester
  • Semestral paper - 3 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The main objectives of a lecture is expansion and deepening of chemistry knowledge for students of modern scientific discipline Biophysics, which comprises biology and physics and chemical disciplines to study biological objects on molecular level too. Students will get basic knowledge on a mass structure and properties on a level of elementary particles, atoms and molecules. Students will became familiar with significant experimental methods in a research of chemical compounds.
Based on the acquired knowledge in the field of chemistry, the graduate should be able to further study the related fields of science, communicate with specialized departments in the field and be able to interpret their results.
Prerequisites
Completion of a general chemistry course either in secondary school or through some extracurricular program.

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination, Written examination, Development of laboratory protocols, Interim evaluation

Requirement for the completion of the course is the active participation of the student in the seminar. Before the final examination, the student must successfully pass a credit test and prepare a research on the chosen topic.
Recommended literature
  • Panico R., Powell W.H., Richer J.C. Průvdoce názvoslovím organických sloučenin podle IUPAC. Academia Praha, 2000.
  • Pauling L. General Chemistry. Dover Publications, 1988. ISBN 10:0486656225.
  • Pretsche E., Bühlmann P., Badertscher M. Structure Determination of Organic Compounds: Tables of Spectral Data. Springer, 2009. ISBN 10:3540938095.
  • Timberlake K.C. Chemistry: An Introduction to General, Organic and Biological Chemistry. Prentice Hall, 2014. ISBN 10:0321908449.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester