Course: Inorganic Chemistry I

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Course title Inorganic Chemistry I
Course code UCH/100
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Frequency of the course In each academic year, in the winter semester.
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory, Optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Kutý Michal, Mgr. Ph.D.
  • Bočková Jarmila, Ing.
  • Kutá Smatanová Ivana, prof. Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
Content of lectures: Introduction to the general chemistry, mass definition and properties, fundamental chemical laws, chemical formula, chemical compounds, purity of compounds. Symbolism of atoms, fundamental particles of an atom, chemical element, mass of atoms and molecules, atomic mass unit, relative atomic mass, number of moles, molar mass. Nucleus of atom, radioactivity, spontaneous fission, fundamental concepts of radioactive compounds, nuclear reactions and their symbolism. Physical differences of micro and macro-world, atom model of Bohr and Sommerfeld, Bohr theory of hydrogen atom, Schroedinger wave equation, wave function and importance, probability of finding the particle, density of probability, atomic orbital, quantum numbers n, l, m and s, shapes of atomic orbitals, electron energy levels and their degeneration, Aufbau principle, Pauli exclusion principle and Hund's. The periodic law and system of chemical elements, atom properties - ionization potential, electron affinity, electronegativity. Historical overview on chemical bond theory, ions, ionic radii, ionic crystals, methods to study ionic crystals. Covalent and donor-acceptor bond, wave model of chemical bond, overlap of atomic orbitals, molecular orbitals and MO-LCAO method, aufbau principle of MO, MO diagrams for diatomic of homo and heteronuclear molecules, bond order and bond valence, the length of covalent bond, bond energy. The shape of molecules, Theory of hybridization of atomic orbitals, VSEPR theory, delocalization, weak interactions. Arrhenius, Broensted-Lawry and Lewis acid-base theories, solvo-theory of acids and bases, pH, hydrolysis of salts, buffers and their capacity. Fundamentals of electrolysis, electrochemical potential, standard electrode potentials, standard hydrogen electrode, galvanic cells. Introduction to systematical inorganic chemistry, chemical periodicity, general properties of transition and non-transition metals, semimetals and nonmetals. Hydrogen and its isotopes, binary compounds. Alkali metals, physical and chemical properties, occurrence, extraction and usage, biological importance of elements and their compounds. Beryllium, magnesium and alkaline earth metals, physical and chemical properties, occurrence, extraction and usage, biological importance of elements and their compounds. Boron, Aluminum, and other triels - physical and chemical properties, occurrence, extraction and usage, biological importance of elements and their compounds. Carbon and its allotropic forms, silicon and other tetrels, physical and chemical properties, occurrence, extraction and usage, biological importance of elements and their compounds. Nitrogen, phosphorus and other pentels, physical and chemical properties, occurrence, extraction and usage, biological importance of elements and their compounds. Chalcogenides, physical and chemical properties, occurrence, extraction and usage, biological importance of elements and their compounds. Halogenes and Noble gases, physical and chemical properties, occurrence, extraction and usage, biological importance of elements and their compounds. Contents of exercises: Theoretical exercises - practice of new knowledge, detail explanation of lectures and discussions, theoretical examples.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Dialogic (discussion, interview, brainstorming), Work with text (with textbook, with book), Activating (simulations, games, drama)
  • Class attendance - 56 hours per semester
  • Preparation for credit - 14 hours per semester
  • Preparation for exam - 14 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Introduction part of "Inorganic chemistry I" lectures will be focused on recapitulation and understanding of fundamental chemical concepts like atom constitution, periodic table, atomic and molecular orbitals, acids and bases, electrochemistry and chemical bond. Following lectures introduce systematical inorganic chemistry aimed at s- and p-block elements (main group elements) and their physical and chemical properties, occurrence, extraction and usage, and biological importance of elements and their compounds. The emphasis is concerned with total understanding and ability to apply knowledge in practice.
Course graduates will extend the knowledge of general and inorganic chemistry they will need in further studies at universities.
Prerequisites
Minimal requirement for students is basic knowledge of chemistry and biochemistry from secondary school.

Assessment methods and criteria
Student performance assessment, Combined exam

The requirement for successful completion of the course is the active participation of students in seminars. Before the final exam students should succesfully pass a credit test.
Recommended literature
  • Hana Kulveitová. Chemie II - Chemie prvků. TU Ostrava. ISBN 978-80-248-1322-6.
  • Kovačíková Tatiana. Obecná a anorganická chemie 4. Vydání. Nakladatel Pavel Klouda, 2014. ISBN 978-80-86380-19-8.
  • Mareček, A., Honza, J. Chemie pro čtyřletá gymnázia - 1, 2, 3.díl, ISBN 80-7182-055-5, ISBN 80-7182-141-1, ISBN 80-7182-057-1. Nakladatelství Olomouc, 2005.
  • Vratislav Šrámek. Chemie obecná a anorganická. Nakladatelství Olomouc s.r.o., 2005. ISBN 80-7182-099-7.


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