Course: Physics II for Combined Studies

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Course title Physics II for Combined Studies
Course code UFY/FYZ2K
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Frequency of the course In each academic year, in the summer semester.
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
  • Straňák Vítězslav, doc. RNDr. Ph.D.
  • Kratochvíl Jiří, RNDr. Ph.D.
Course content
Content of lectures: 1. Electrostatics Electric charge, electrostatic induction, atomic structure of electric charge, Coulomb's law, intensity of the electrostatic field, electrostatic dipole, Gauss's theorem of electrostatics, charge distribution. 2. Potential of the electrostatic field and capacity Potential, potential of homogeneously distributed charges, potential energy, voltage, capacity conductors, dielectric capacitors, capacitors in circuits, capacitor energy. 3. Polarization of dielectrics Types of dielectrics, polarization, vector of electric polarization, polarization of dielectrics, electric field energy. 4. Electric current in metals and semiconductors Principle and origin of electric current, current density, Ohm's law in differential and integral form, electrical resistance, temperature dependence of electrical resistance (superconductivity), electromotive force, voltage sources, Kirchhoff's laws, resistors in electrical circuits, Joule's low, work and power, semiconductors, electron-hole conductivity. 5. Electrical circuits, thermoelectric phenomena Measurement of current and voltage, errors of measurements, voltage and power sources, thermal emission of electrons, contact potential, thermoelectric Seebeck's and Peletier's effects. 6. Electric current in electrolytes and gases Dissociation principle, electrolytic dissociation, electrolysis (elementary processes of electrolysis - examples), Faraday's laws of electrolysis, electrolytic polarization, electrolytic potential, battery, ionization principle, conditions and types of ionization processes, Townsend glow discharge theory, Paschen's law, glow discharge. 7. Magnetic field Magnetic field, magnetic induction, magnetic flux, magnetic field lines, Biot-Savart's law, magnetic field strength. 8. Forces in magnetic field Lorentz's force, force on the wire with current inserted into a magnetic field, loop with current in a magnetic field, charged particles in magnetic field + practical applications, Hall's effect. 9. The magnetic field in solid matter Amper's concept of magnetic field, magnetization process, permeability, magnetic circuit, Hopkinson's equation, electromagnet. 10. Magnets Paramagnetics and diamagnetics, magnetic moment of the atom, Bohr's magneton, diamagnetism (Larmor's explanation), paramagnetism, ferromagnetismus, spontaneous magnetization, Curie-Weiss law, domain structure, hysteresis curve of ferromagnetics. 11. Electromagnetic induction Kvazistacionarity, electromagnetic induction, Lenz's law, Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction, Foucault currents, self-induction, phenomena of circuits with a coil and capacitor, magnetic field energy. 12. Alternating current Generation of alternating current, circuits with - R (reactance), L (inductance), C (capacitance), phase shift, serial and parallel RLC circuit, ac power, transformer, transformation equations Content of practicals: The practicals, thematically following the lectures, are aimed on the solving of problems (mainly in the form of numerical examples) of electricity and magnetism. 1. Electrostatics 2. Potential of the electrostatic field 3. Capacity, capacitors 4. Electric current - Ohm's Law 5. Electrical current in circuits 6. Electrical current - work and power 7. Electric current in electrolytes 8. Magnetic field induced by electrical current 9. Forces in magnetic field - force on the conductor with current 10. Force on a moving charge in magnetic field 11. Electromagnetic induction 12. Alternating current

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Demonstration, E-learning
  • Class attendance - 25 hours per semester
  • Preparation for classes - 70 hours per semester
  • Preparation for credit - 10 hours per semester
  • Preparation for exam - 40 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The aim of the course is to provide the necessary theoretical and practical physical aspects of electricity and magnetism with regard to student study profile. The aim is to develop a complex knowledge transfer into another fields as electronics, electrical engineering and other. Furthermore, consolidation of already gained knowledge of applied mathematics and general physics is expected, too.
Students will get basic knowledge of electricity and magnetism. He / she will be able to solve simple practical problems and numerical examples. Student will be theoretically prepared for another related subjects (electronics, electrical engineering).
basic knowledge of mathematics, basics of general physics

Assessment methods and criteria
Combined exam

Understanding of the topic within the frame given by the plan. Assesment methods and criteria linked to learning outcomes: credit: attendance of seminars, min 75%, passing the test to min 60%. exam: passing the test min 75%, completion of practical exams min. 75%, proof of knowledge at the oral exam min 75%.
Recommended literature
  • B. Sedlák, I. Štoll, Elektřina a magnetismus, Academia, Praha 2002.
  • B. Sedlák, I. Štoll, Elektřina a magnetismus, Academia, Praha 2002.
  • Hajko V. aj.: Fyzika v príkladoch. Bratislava, Alfa 1983.
  • O. Lepil, P. Šedivý, Fyzika pro gymnázia - elektřina a magnet., Prométheus, 2001.
  • O. Lepil, P. Šedivý, Fyzika pro gymnázia - elektřina a magnet., Prométheus, 2001.
  • Brož, J.:. Elektřina a magnetismus, I. a II. Skripta. SPN, Praha, 1978.
  • Fuka, Havelka, B.:. Elektřina a magnetismus. SPN, Praha, 1979.
  • Hajko, V. a kol.:. Fyzika v příkladech. SNTL, Praha, 1983.

Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Science Study plan (Version): Measuring and Computer Technology (1) Category: Electrical engineering, telecommunication and IT 1 Recommended year of study:1, Recommended semester: Summer