Course: Physics III

« Back
Course title Physics III
Course code UFY/FYZ3
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Frequency of the course In each academic year, in the winter semester.
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory, Compulsory-optional
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Šlouf Václav, Mgr. Ph.D.
  • Polívka Tomáš, prof. RNDr. Ph.D.
  • Litvín Radek, RNDr. Ph.D.
Course content
Content of lectures: 1. Oscillations. Harmonic oscillator, non-damped, damped, forced oscillations. Resonance. Pendulum. Anharmonic oscillator. 2. Waves. Travelling and standing waves. Transversal and longitudinal waves. Wave equation. Plane and spherical waves. Wave energy. Spectrum, superposition principle. 3. Acoustics. Sound waves. Sound propagation. Speed of sound. Doppler effect. Intensity of sound. Supersonic speed. 4. Electromagnetic waves I. Light as electromagnetic radiation. Spectra ranges of electromagnetic waves. Propagation of an electromagnetic wave in vacuum. Phase and group velocity. Speed of light. Michelson experiment. 5. Electromagnetic waves II. Polarization. Reflection and refraction of light. Snell law. Fermat principle. Fresnel equations. Physics of rainbow. 6. Anisotropy and light scattering. Propagation of a plane wave in anisotropic medium. Birefringence. Optical properties of crystals. Application of birefringence. Mie and Rayleigh scattering. Polarization by scattering. 7. Interference. Superposition of electromagnetic waves. Young experiment. Multi-beam interference. Thin films. Newton fringes. Fabry-Perot interferometer. 8. Diffraction. Fraunhofer diffraction. Diffraction on pinholes and gratings. Rayleigh criterion. Babinet principle. X-ray diffraction. Bragg law. 9. Geometrical optics. Short wave approximation. Huygens principle. Paraxial optics. Lensmaker equation. Lens, mirror, imagery. 10. Optical instruments. Image-forming instruments (eye, lens, glasses, microscope, telescope). Spectral instruments (prism, grating, spectrometer). Introduction to photometry. 11. Light as a particle. Blacknody radiation. Planck law. Photoelectric effect. Photom. Compton effect. Feynman's analysis of Young experiment. 12.Interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. Absorption and emission. Dispersion. Relation between refraction index and absorption coefficient. Content of practicals: Problems solutions addressed to the topic discussed in lectures

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Dialogic (discussion, interview, brainstorming), Demonstration
  • Class attendance - 42 hours per semester
  • Preparation for classes - 42 hours per semester
  • Preparation for credit - 20 hours per semester
  • Preparation for exam - 20 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
Damped and non - damped oscillations, forced oscillations, waves, sound, electromagnetic waves, wave optics, particle optics, geometrical optics.
Students will use basic postulates of theory of vibrating motion, waves and optics.
Prerequisites
Basic knowledge of mathematical analysis (derivation, integral), knowledge from courses Physics 1 and Physics 2 is an advantage, but not strictly required.

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination, Written examination

Written and oral exam.
Recommended literature
  • Feynman, R.P., Leighton, R.B. Feynmanovy přednášky z fyziky.
  • Halliday, D., Resnick, R., Walker, J. Fyzika, Vutium 2001. 2001.
  • Hecht, E. Optics. 2002.
  • Main, I.G. Kmity a vlny ve fyzice. 1990.
  • Malý, P. Optika. Praha, 2008.
  • Salh, B. E. A., Teich, M.C. Základy fotoniky. Matfyz Press Praha, 1994.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Science Study plan (Version): Physics (1) Category: Physics courses 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Science Study plan (Version): Mechatronics (1) Category: Special and interdisciplinary fields 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Science Study plan (Version): Biophysics (1) Category: Physics courses 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Science Study plan (Version): Applied Informatics (1) Category: Informatics courses - Recommended year of study:-, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Science Study plan (Version): Measuring and Computer Technology (1) Category: Electrical engineering, telecommunication and IT 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Science Study plan (Version): Physics for future teachers (1) Category: Physics courses 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Science Study plan (Version): Biophysics (1) Category: Physics courses - Recommended year of study:-, Recommended semester: Winter
Faculty: Faculty of Science Study plan (Version): Secondary Schools Teacher Training in Physics (2012) Category: Pedagogy, teacher training and social care - Recommended year of study:-, Recommended semester: Winter