|Course title||Quantum Theory II.|
|Organizational form of instruction||Lecture + Lesson|
|Level of course||Master|
|Year of study||not specified|
|Frequency of the course||In academic years starting with an odd year (e.g. 2017/2018), in the winter semester.|
|Number of ECTS credits||6|
|Language of instruction||Czech|
|Status of course||Compulsory|
|Form of instruction||unspecified|
|Recommended optional programme components||None|
|Course availability||The course is available to visiting students|
Content of lectures: 1. Perturbation theory I. Time-independent perturbation theory, two-level and multi-level system, first and second order corrections, perturbation theory for degenerate states, variation theory. 2. Perturbation theory II. Time-dependent perturbation theory, two-level system, Rabi formula, oscillating perturbation, transition rates, Fermi Golden Rule, Einstein coefficients, lifetimes of excited states. 3. Energy levels of molecules. Electronic, vibrational and rotational spectra, Born-Oppenheimer approximation, Franck-Condon principle, selection rules for absorption and emission 4. Interaction of electromagnetic field with electric and magnetic dipole of molecules. Spin-orbit interaction, singlet and triplet states, Zeeman effect, Stark effect, NMR, EPR. 5. Molecular symmetry and vibrational spectra. Infrared and Raman spectra, structure and intensity of spectral lines, chirality, circular dichroism. 6. Excitation. Localized and delocalized excitation, excitons, excitation energy transfer, Forster and Dexter transfer. 7. The second quantization. Quantization of electromagnetic field. 8. Band theory of solids. Band structure, conductors, isolators, semiconductors, Brillouin zones, phonons, exciton-phonon interaction.
|Learning activities and teaching methods|
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Dialogic (discussion, interview, brainstorming)
The lecture gives an overview of the quantum description of the interactions of electromagnetic field with matter. The lecture includes a description of the electron, vibration and magnetic transitions of molecules, transfer of excitation energy, relaxation processes, and nonlinear laser effects. The aim is to provide basic information necessary for understanding the optical spectroscopy, NMR and EPR spectroscopy and laser functions.
Knowledge of general physics (basics of mechanics, thermodynamics, optics and atomic physics), basic knowledge of quantum mechanics from the course Quantum theory I. Knowledge of methods of mathematical analysis (derivation, integrals, differential equations, Fourier transformation)
Passing the course Quantum Theory I
|Assessment methods and criteria|
Student performance assessment, Systematic student observation, Colloquium
Passing oral exam, activity during lectures and practicals.
|Study plans that include the course|