Course: Examinational methods I

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Course title Examinational methods I
Course code ULZ/GVŠM1
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Seminary
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Semester Summer
Number of ECTS credits 1
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction Face-to-face
Work placements This is not an internship
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Šíp Miroslav, doc. RNDr. DrSc.
  • Roháček Karel, RNDr. CSc.
Course content
Lectures: 1. Introduction to biophysics, physical description of biological systems, Bioenergetics, transmission and transformation of energy in a living organism, thermodynamic principles, entropy, heat, temperature, heat wellbeing of an organism 2. Holding and forwarding information in living systems, regulation systems 3. Character of dispersion systems, diffusion, osmosis and its physiological meaning cryoscopy, ebulioscopy 4. Structure and function of biological important molecules: water, nucleic acids, proteins. 5. A cell as a biophysical system - structure, transport mechanisms, membrane potentials, mechanic character. 6. Biophysics of tissues and organism (biophysics of blood circulation, breathing, locomotive system, bones and joints, muscles, circulatory system, urinary system, digestive system, electric and magnetic characters of tissues. 7. Biophysics of information receipt and elaboration (perception of chemical stimuli, acoustic signals, light stimuli) 8. Biophysics of electric stimuli and effects (electricity, effects of electricity to an organism, electromagnetic field) 9. Biophysical basis of non-invasive curative methods (curative methods using mechanic energy, medical method using electricity, principles of treatment through magnetic fields, curative methods using heat, curative methods using light, physical principles of treatment through ionisation) 10. Biophysical principles of invasive curative methods (physical principles of modern surgical instruments, physical principles of main dental instruments, devices supporting or replacing function of organs) Seminars: 1. Bioenergy, transmission and transformation of energy in a living organism, thermodynamic principles, entropy, heat, temperature, characteristics of dispersion systems, diffusion, osmosis. 2. Structure and function of biological important molecules: water, nucleic acids, proteins.. 3. A cell as a biophysical system - structure, transport mechanisms, membrane potentials, mechanic character. 4. Biophysics of tissues and organism (biophysics of blood circulation, breathing, locomotive system, bones and joints, muscles, circulatory system, urinary system, digestive system, electric and magnetic characters of tissues. 5. Biophysics of electric stimuli and effects (electricity, effects of electricity to an organism, electromagnetic field) diagnostic and therapeutic methods.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing)
Learning outcomes
The course deals with the introduction to biophysics and its use in medical diagnostic and treatment methods. Students get basic information on physical difference of particular methods and their biological effects. They learn particular types of these methods and devices used for these examinations.
" Students master the elements of biophysics and its implementation in medicine. " Students know the principles of physics of selected diagnostic and therapeutic methods.
Prerequisites
Courses Methods of examination I - III conditional on the course AnatomyPhysiology I, II
UFM/GAFZ1

Assessment methods and criteria
Combined exam, Test

90% attendance in seminars, active participation in lessons, individual preparation for seminars.
Recommended literature
  • Beneš J. Základy lékařské biofyziky. Praha, 2007. ISBN 978-80-246-1.
  • Hrazdíra I., Mornstein V. Lékařská biofyzika a přístrojová technika. ISBN 9788090289611.
  • Rosina Jozef. Biofyzika pro zdravotnické a biomedicínské obory. Praha: Grada, 2013.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester