Course: Physical Chemistry I

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Course title Physical Chemistry I
Course code UCH/105
Organizational form of instruction Lecture + Lesson
Level of course Bachelor
Year of study not specified
Frequency of the course In each academic year, in the winter semester.
Semester Winter
Number of ECTS credits 5
Language of instruction Czech
Status of course Compulsory
Form of instruction unspecified
Work placements unspecified
Recommended optional programme components None
Lecturer(s)
  • Kabeláč Martin, doc. Mgr. Ph.D.
Course content
Content of lectures: Physical states of matter (ideal and real gases - equation of states , virial the theorem of corresponding states , liquids - evaporation , saturated vapor pressure , solids - crystal lattice, isomorphism and polymorphism , X-ray) Zero and the first law of thermodynamics (work , heat , state and stateless quantities, reversible and irreversible changes , enthalpy , heat capacity , heat of reaction,the reaction heat of formation , thermochemical equations , Hess law , Kirchhoff law , the maximum combustion temperature) Second and third law of thermodynamics ( isothermal and adiabatic process , Carnot cycle , entropy in the classical concept of entropy irreversible processes , Helmoholz and Gibbs function for reversible and irreversible changes , Maxwell relations , expansion of gas in a vacuum) Statistical Thermodynamics (the difference between the statistical and classical thermodynamics , statistical thermodynamics postulates , microcanonical a canonical ensemble , partition function , partition function of an ideal gas ) Phase equilibria ( molar quantities, chemical potential , chemical equilibrium in a one- phase system , fugacity, fugacity coefficient , two-phase equilibrium , Clausius - Clapeyron equation , phase diagram , partial molar quantities , Gibbs - Duhem equation , determining the partial molar quantities , chemical potential components during phase equilibrium, Gibbs phase rule , the ideal solution , the activity component in the solution , activity coefficient , Raoult law , distillation , theoretical plates of the column , gas solubility , colligative properties of solutions , cryoscopy , ebulioscopy , osmotic pressure , mixing solutions of ideal and real solutions , reference conditions , equilibrium gas - liquid at low pressures , equilibrium liquid - liquid extraction solvent Nernst law) Chemical equilibrium ( chemical equilibrium condition , reaction isotherm for unbalanced system , reactions in the gas and liquid phase , reactions in electrolyte solutions ) Content of practicals: in accordance with the lectures.

Learning activities and teaching methods
Monologic (reading, lecture, briefing), Dialogic (discussion, interview, brainstorming)
  • Preparation for classes - 50 hours per semester
  • Preparation for exam - 50 hours per semester
  • Class attendance - 50 hours per semester
Learning outcomes
The extension of knowledge of the students in area of chemical and statistical thermodynamics.
Understanding the principles of thermodynamics and equilibria a their application on solution of chemical problems
Prerequisites
Successful pass of General chemistry course
UMB/CV564
----- or -----
UMB/564 and UMB/565 and UCH/CV104
----- or -----
UCH/104

Assessment methods and criteria
Oral examination, Written examination

successful pass of written and oral part of the exam, 75% attendance of the exercises, student's presentation
Recommended literature
  • Atkins, P. , De Paula , J. Fyzikální chemie. VŠCHtr Praha, 2013.
  • Novák, J. Fyzikální chemie- bakalářský kurs. VŠCHT, Praha, 2008.


Study plans that include the course
Faculty Study plan (Version) Category of Branch/Specialization Recommended year of study Recommended semester
Faculty: Faculty of Science Study plan (Version): Chemistry (1) Category: Chemistry courses 2 Recommended year of study:2, Recommended semester: Winter